Surbhi mantra originated from Srimad Bhagwad Puran and Brahma Vevart Puran. Shri Krishna performed the first Surbhi mantra japa with His entire family to please Surbhi or Kamdhenu. The Surbhi mantra japa is done for Lok Kalyan (benefit of the mankind), worldwide peace and bestowing wealth and riches to humanity.
Kamadhenu cow or Surabhi (meaning ‘the fragrant one’) is the mother of all cows. All the gods reside in the body of Kamadhenu. Her four legs are the scriptural Vedas; Her horns are the triune gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva; Her eyes are the sun and Moon, Her shoulders the fire-god Agni and the wind-god Vayu, and Her legs are the Himalayas.
In Vedic description, Kamadhenu is a goddess manifesting as a divine cow who is considered to be the mother of all cows. Like her daughter Nandini, she could grant any wish for the true seeker. Kamadhenu provided Vasishta with his needs for the sacrifices. Kamadhenu (kama-dhenu, ‘wish-cow’), was a miraculous cow of plenty who could give her owner whatever he desired.
The celestial cow belonging to the sage Vasishtha, was produced by the gods at the churning of the cosmic ocean. She is supposed to grant all desires and hence is termed the cow of plenty.